A volcano is a snap on the outer layer of the earth (crust) of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that enables hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to come out from the magma chamber below the surface of Earth. Most of the volcanoes belongs to Indonesia. That’s why Indonesia is also called as the land of volcanoes. Following is the list of ten most famous volcanoes in the world.
1. Mount Kerinci
Mount Kerinci is the highest volcano in Indonesia, and the highest peak in the island of Sumatra as well. Kerinci is more active volcano than any Indonesian volcanoes, with nearly yearly phreatic eruptions. Last eruption was took place on June 2, 2013 with 600 meter or 1,969 feet spewed black smoke. Elevation of the volcano is 3,805 meter or 12,484 feet.
2. Mount Sinabung
Mount Sinabung is a Pleistocene-to-Holocene stratovolcano in Indonesia. However, it is located in a relatively cool area. Last minor eruption after several days of rumbling was took place on August 29, 2010. Sinabung is inactive for over four centuries and last eruption was took place in 1600. This volcano is still included in A category that must be monitored frequently.
3. Mount Vesuvius
Mount Vesuvius is a type of stratovolcano in the Gulf of Nepal, Italy. Age of this volcano is approximately 17,000 years to present. Last eruption was took place in 1944. However, the volcano erupted six times in the 18th century and eight times in 19th century. Elevation of this volcano is 1,281 meter (4,203 feet). This volcano is also included in A category.
Sakurajima is an active stratovolcano that was an island in past. This is located in Kagoshima Prefecture in Kyushu, Japan. Due to eruption took place in 1914, this former island was connected with Osumi Peninsula. Surface of the Sakurajima is about 77 square kilometer or 30 square mile. Eruption is occurring here since 1955.
5. Mount Merapi
Mount Merapi is an active stratovolcano situated on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia. It is also known as Fire Mountain. Last eruption was took place in March to April 2014. At least 300 days/year, smoke can be seen emerging from the mountaintop. Large eruption was took place on 2006 before the commencement of Yogyakarta earthquake.
6. Yellowstone Caldera
Yellowstone Caldera is the volcanic caldera and supervolcano. It is situated in Yellowstone National Park in the U.S. It is also known by the name of Yellowstone Supervolcano. Last eruption was took place 1350 BC. Age of the rock is 640,000 years. However, due to volcanic and tectonic nature of the region, this volcano experiences between 1000 and 2000 measurable earthquakes per year.
7. Mount Nyiragongo
Mount Nyiragongo is another famous and active volcano in the world situated inside the Virunga National Park, Congo. Elevation of the volcano is 3,470 meter or 11,380 feet. Eruption is continuously taking place since 2002. Since 1882, it has been erupted at least 34 times. This volcano is also included in A category.
Popocatépetl is an active volcano, located in Mexico. After Pico de Orizaba, it is the highest peak in Mexico whose elevation is 5,426 meter or 17,802 feet. Low level eruptions are taking place here since 2005. It is the most active volcano in Mexico. Up to now, 15 major eruptions has been took place since 1519. A major eruption was occurred in 1947.
Galeras is an Andean stratovolcano located in Colombia. Last eruption was took place in 2013. It is the most active volcano in Colombia and included in A category. This volcano has been active for at least a million years. Elevation of Galeras is 4,276 meters or 14,029 feet. The volcano has continued to be well studied and predictions of eruptions at the volcano have improved.
Ulawun is a basaltic and andesitic stratovolcano located in Papua New Guinea. It is the highest mountain in Bismarck Archipelago and one of the most active volcanoes in Papua New Guinea. Since the commencement of 18th century, 22 major eruptions have been recorded in Ulawun. Last eruption took place between 2013 to 2014.
Note: This list is based on the study of Wikipedia.