Historical places are those places where the cultural, political, artistic, intellectual, traditional and social pieces or things are saved and preserved due to their important and valuable value. Most of the historic places in a country are controlled by its official government. Often the government allots an annual fix budget for their safety and maintenance. Historical places are unforgettable places to visit because they describe their history, the fluctuation in the history they had faced.
1. Taj Mahal (India)
Taj Mahal, the crown of palaces. This place is the masterpiece of heritage and Muslims art. This white marble palace was built in Agra, India, for the Mumtaz Mahal, the third wife of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. The construction took 21 years to complete, from 1632 to 1653. The great comment about this site was given by former US President Bill Clinton, “There are two kinds of people in the world, Those who have seen Taj Mahal and love it and those who have not seen Taj and love it.
2. Angkor Wat (Cambodia)
Angkor Wat, the capital city of temples. Angkor Wat is the most important historical place of South Asia. In start it was a Hindu temple, which was changed into Buddhist temple due to religious issues. This temple was built by King Suryavarman, The King of Khmer, in 12th century in his estate. Total temple is the art of Khmer architecture. Total land area of this temple is 400 km2, including forest area. If you have ever gone to Cambodia, this historical place will make your tour remarkable.
3. Egyptian Pyramids (Egypt)
A historical palace which was constructed 2611 BC in Egypt and are still persistent with all their pompousness. They were constructed when Egypt civilization were considered as the largest and powerful civilization of the world. Up to 2008, 138 pyramids has been discovered in Egypt. Three largest pyramids are amazing to see, which are Pyramid of Menkaure, Pyramid of Khafre and Great Pyramid of Khufu. In that age when there were no concept of latest technology up to 100,000 workers constructed these pyramids with 2.3 million stones.
4. Machu Picchu (Peru)
A landscape historical place located in Peru. This site is located 2430 meters above sea level on the mountain range of Sacred Valley. This place was completed in 2 phases. First from 1438 to 1471 and other in 1572. It got international attention in 1911. It is in fact a whole city containing 150 buildings including temples, houses, sanctuaries. The sunset view from the valley is very amazing. Every year thousands of people comes here to see the masterpiece of Inca civilization.
5. Petra (Jordan)
Petra, which is also known as rose city is located in Jordan. In 21st century, where architecture are unable to carve the stones and mountains without heavy machines, the architectures of Nabataeans constructed a whole city by craving and paring the mountain in 312 BC. Until 1812, the western world was unfamiliar about that place. A Swiss explorer introduced that place to western world. According to UNESCO this is the marvelous heritage in historical places. Up to 2007 million people had visited this place.
6. Great Wall of China (China)
This wall was built between 206 to 220 BC by Chinese Empire to protect their state from the hooliganism of Nomadic , Magnolia and Manchuria Tribes. This wall is 21,196 km long, that it is why it is called Great Wall of China. Most part of the wall is made of stone, wood and bricks. It is said that first thing which seems from moon is the Great Wall of China. Constructing a 21,196 km long wall looks impossible but Chinese did that.
7. Potala Palace (China)
Potala Palace is another historical place in China. This palace was built in 637 for the Dalai Lama (The Spiritual Leader of Tibetan People). From 637 to 1951 it was the residence of all chief Dalai Lama (from 1st Dalai Lama to 13th Dalai Lama). After the departure of 14th Dalai Lama from this palace it was declared as museum and until now it is a museum. This palace is located on mountains and also called as Red or White palace. After Great Wall of China, this is best place to visit.
8. Alhambra (Spain)
It is another palace located in Spain. Its project was started in 889. During some decades its construction was abandoned. Then in the mid of 11th century it was completed by Mohammed Ben Al-Ahmar an Moorish Emir. In 1333, Yusuf I, Sultan of Granada declared it the royal palace. A Moorish poet described its beauty in his words, ” It is a pearl, engrave in mountain.”
9. Colosseum (Italy)
It is a masterpiece of Roman Empire, which was built from 70 to 80 AD. Basically it is an amphitheatre, which was constructed for the contests of gladiators of Roman Empire. At that time around 80,000 could saw the competitions of gladiators. Most of the part of this amphitheatre has been destroyed. But when the lights clutter their glamorous in the night, scene becomes more glamorize.
10. Hagia Sophia (Turkey)
This museum is a masterpiece of Turkish architecture which was built in 537. From 537 to 1204 it was an Eastern Orthodox Church than from 1204 to 1453 it was declared as Roman Catholic Church. From 1261 to 1453 it was again become Eastern Orthodox Church. From 1453 to 1931 it got the title of Mosque. Now since 1931, it was declared as museum. Most of the building is made of blue stones and bricks and its second name is blue mosque. A place which will make your visit remarkable.
Note: This list is based on the material of travel.nationalgeographic.com and famous-historic-buildings.org.uk.