From many years, terrorists have claimed thousands of innocent lives for their immoral and selfish interests in the worst crimes ever. In the modern time, terrorist attacks are occurring in all parts of the world, and countries are blaming each other for the attacks. Some western countries linked it with religion. But terrorists have no religion, and they do not belong to any nation. They are the enemy of humanity. Nowadays, terrorists are targeting places with full of people such as streets, fields, towns, buildings, parks, and stations to kill more and more people. From the skyscrapers and streets of New York to the war-trenched cities of Iraq, to Angola and Nairobi in Africa, and across the Persian Gulf and Iran, terrorists are everywhere. Terrorist attacks have different types such as plane crashes, bombing, suicide bombers, direct firing, and building set ablaze. A few years ago, these incidents took place only in developing countries, but now it is a major problem of developed countries. In recent years, terrorist attacks occurred in China, Indonesia, Turkey, France, and Belgium. All countries have to fight together against terrorism. We have created the list of 20 worst terrorists’ attacks in the history of World.
The September 11 Attacks were a series of four terrorist attacks by the terrorist group Al-Qaeda on the United States, September 11, 2001. The terrorist attacks killed 2,996 people and injured more than 6,000 others. The attack caused 10 billion US dollars in infrastructure and property damage and 3 trillion dollars in total costs. 19 Al-Qaeda terrorists hijacked four passengers airlines operated by two primary U.S air carriers. Two planes, United Airlines Flight 175 and American Airlines Flight 11 were crashed into the South and North towers of the World Trade Center complex in New York City. Both 110-story towers collapsed within an hour and 42 minutes. Due to debris and the resulting fires, all other buildings in the World Trade Center complex collapsed partially or completely including the 47-story 7 World Trade Center tower and damage to ten other surrounding structures. A third plane, American Airlines Flight 77, crashed into the Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia. The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93 was moving toward Washington DC but crashed into a field in Stony creek Township, Pennsylvania, when the passengers tried to overcome the hijackers. The attacks were the deadliest incident in the history of United States.
2007 The Al Hillah Bombings was the terrorist attack in Al Hillah, Iraq on 6 March 2007. Due to the bombing, more than 200 people killed, mostly Shia Muslims on a pilgrimage. Two suicide bombers with explosive jackets joined the huge crowd in the center of the city for a traditional religious festival. The bombing attack was the worst terrorist attack in the history of Iraq. 6 March 2007 was the bloody day for Iraq as almost 200 people were killed throughout the country and more than 250 were injured.
The 2007 Yazidi Communities Bombing happened at around 7:20 pm on 14 August 2007. Four coordinated suicide bomb attack detonated in the Yazidi towns of Jazeera and Kahtaniya, near Mosul. According to Iraqi Red Crescent, the bombs killed more than 500 and injured 1,500 people. So it was the Iraq war’s most deadly car bombing attack. The bombing was the also the second deadliest terrorist act in the history, after the September 11 attacks in the United States. The Yazidi community was the target of the attack. The bombings involved a fuel tanker and three cars. According to Iraqi interior ministry spokesman, two tons of explosive used in the blast. Rescue teams dug underneath the demolished buildings by hand to find the remaining survivors. No terrorist group claimed responsibility for the attack. The U.S army reportedly killed the mastermind of the bombings, Abu Mohammed Al-Afri, on 3 September 2007.
The 18 April 2007 Baghdad bombings were the series of attacks occurred in Baghdad. The five car bombers exploded across the capital city of Iraq on April 18, 2007. The incident killed more than 200 people and injured 251 people. The main targets of the bombers were Shia locations and civilians. The Sadriya market already had been faced a massive truck bombing on Feb 3, 2007, and was in rebuilding process, when the attacks took place. The first attack took place when a bomb exploded on a minibus in the Risafi, killing four people and wounded six. A parked car in the Karrada detonated afterward, killing 11 people and wounding 13. The car suicide bomber exploded the car near an Iraqi police checkpoint, killing at least 41 people and wounded 76. After one hour, the deadliest attack in the Al-Sadriya market in central Baghdad, when a car bomb killed at least 140 people and wounded 148. In the same day, another suicide bomber blew himself at the entrance of the Sadriya district of Baghdad, killing two police officers.
The 2006 Mumbai Train Bombings were a series of bomb blasts, took place over a period of 11 minutes on the Suburban Railway, Mumbai. The due to bombing, more than 200 people were killed, and 700 were injured. Bombs set in the pressure cookers on trains plying on the western line of the local train network, which makes the backbone of the city’s transport network. Pressure cookers and other recent explosions were used to increase the afterburn in a thermobaric reaction, powerful more than conventional high explosives. The first blast took place at 12:54 pm local time and the explosions continued for eleven minutes. All bombs had been placed in the first class compartments of different trains running from Churchgate to the western suburbs of the city. The bombs exploded in the near vicinity of the railway stations of Mahim, Matunga Road, Khar Road, Bandra, Borivali, Bhayandar, and Jogeshwari. The bombings in Mumbai came hours after the series of grenade attacks in Srinagar, the largest city of Jammu and Kashmir.
The 7 July 2005 London Bombings were a series of coordinated terrorist suicide bomb attack in central London. They used the public transport system during the rush hour to target civilians. On the morning of July 7, 2005, four extremists exploded three bombs separately in London Underground trains across the city. The fourth bomb was exploded on a double-decker bus in Tavistock Square. The attacks killed 52 people and injured more than 700. It was the worst terrorist attack in the history of United Kingdom since the bombing of Pan Am Flight over Lockerbie. The homemade organic peroxide-based devices packed into backpacks were the cause of the explosions. The incident happened after two weeks of a series of attempted attacks that failed to cause damage or injury. The bombings also referred to as 7/7 attacks.
The Madrid Train Bombings were coordinated bombings against the Cercanias commuter train system of Madrid, Spain. The incident happened on the morning of March 11, 2004, three days after Spain’s general elections. The bombings killed 191 people and injured more than 200. The attacks constituted the worst terrorist attack occurred in the history of Spain. It was the deadliest attack to occur in Europe after the 1988 Lockerbie bombing. At 7:38 am, two bombs detonated in different carriages of train 21435 at El Pozo del Tio Raimundo Station. Other bomb exploded at the same time on train 21713, Santa Eugenia Station. Four other bombs detonated at 7:39 am in the different carriage of the train 17205, 800 meters away from Atocha Station. According to the investigation, five to eight suspects involved in the attacks managed to escape.
The Sadr City bombings were a series of mortar attacks and car bombs in Iraq that started at 3:10 pm on 23 November and ended at 03:55 pm. Six car bombs and two mortar rounds used in the attack on the Shia community in Sadr city. The bombings killed more than 215 people and injured more than 257. It was the second deadliest attack after the Iraq War in 2003. After the attacks, the government placed Baghdad under 24-hour curfew started at 08:00 pm, closed the docks and airport in Basra, and shut down Baghdad International Airport to commercial traffic. The bombings happened when local people of Sadr City were commemorating the life of Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr. He was killed during the Iraqi regime of Saddam Hussein in Feb 1999.
The 2002 Bali Bombings incident happened in the tourist district of Kuta on the island of Bali, Indonesia on October 12, 2002. The bombings killed 202 people and injured 209 people. The killed victims of attacks include 88 Australians, 38 Indonesians and people from 20 other countries. Different members of Jemaah Islamiyah were convicted in link with the attacks, including three who were sentenced to death. The attack involved an explosion of three bombs, a large car bomb, a back part-mounted device carried by a bomber, both were exploded in or near famous nightclubs in Kuta. The third small device exploded outside the consulate of United States, causing only minor damage. On November 8, 2008, Amrozi Nurhasyim, Imam Samudra, and Huda bin Abdul Haq were executed by firing squad at 00:15 local time on the island prison of Nusakambangan. On March 9, 2010, Dulmatin, responsible for the 2002 Bali Bombings, was killed in a shoot-out with Indonesian Police in the capital Jakarta.
The Oklahoma City Bombing was the terrorist car bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States, on 19 April 1995. The attacks destroyed one-third of the building, killed 168 and injured over 680 others. The bombs carried out by Terry Nichols and Timothy McVeigh. The bombings destroyed or damaged 324 other buildings, shattered glass in 258 nearby buildings, burned or destroyed 86 cars and caused the damage of estimated US $ 652 million worth. Rescue operations were undertaken by local, federal, and worldwide agencies. Within 90 minutes of bombings, McVeigh was arrested by Oklahoma State Trooper for driving without a license plate. Evidence quickly linked Nichols and McVeigh to the bombings. Later Nichols was captured, and both were charged within days. McVeigh had exploded a Ryder rental truck full of explosive parked in front of the building. Nichols helped McVeigh in the bomb preparation. On Jun 11, 2001, McVeigh was executed by lethal injection. In 2004, Nichols was sentenced to life in prison.
The United States Embassy Bombings were attacks that took place on 7 August 1998. More than 200 people were killed in simultaneous bomb detonations in two East African cities, on at the United States Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya and other at the United States Embassy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The attacks were the revenge for United States involvement in the extradition and illegal torture of four members of Egyptian Islamic Jihad. On 7 August, between 10:30 am and 10:40 am, suicide bombers in trucks full of explosives parked outside the Nairobi and Dar es Salaam and almost exploded simultaneously. Attacks killed 213 people in the Nairobi and 11 in Dar es Salaam. The bombings wounded more than 4,000 in Nairobi and 85 in Dar es Salaam. According to reports, three to seventeen tons of high explosive material was used in attacks. The bombing damaged the embassy buildings and collapsed neighbor buildings.
The 2007 Karsaz Bombing is the worst incident occurred in Karachi, Pakistan on October 18, 2007. It was the attack on a motorcade carrying former Prime Minister of Pakistan, Benazir Bhutto. The attack had occurred two months before she was assassinated. The bombings killed at least 180 people and injured 500. Most of the dead people were the members of Pakistan People’s Party. The streets of Karachi were full of the crowd to welcome the return of Benazir Bhutto from London. Two detonations took place in front of the motorcade from which she was greeting her supporters and party members and party members, on the route about halfway from the airport to the tomb of Mohammad Ali Jinnah, just after her truck had crossed a bridge. The blast destroyed three police vans and killed 20 police officers in the vehicles. Benazir Bhutto was either sitting on top of a truck or had climbed into the compartment of the truck at the time of the bombing. She was escorted to her residence, Bilawal House.
On the night of 22-23 September, 1997 more than 200 villagers were killed by armed guerillas. The incident occurred at the village of Bentalha about 15 km south of Algeria. Algeria was at the peak of a brutal civil conflict in 1997. Ten days before the incident, howling as of jackals was heard every night and helicopters circled overhead daily. The responsibility was claimed by the Armed Islamic Group in a press release on Sep 26, from London. A leading GIA member, Fouad Boulemia was sentenced to death on 1 August 2004.
1993 Bombay Bombings were a series of bomb explosions occurred in Bombay, India, on March 12, 1993. The attacks were the most destructive bomb explosions in the history of India. The single day bombings resulted in 257 fatalities and 717 injuries. It is claimed that Dawood Ibrahim coordinated the bombings. He is the Don of the Mumbai-based international organized crime syndicate, D-Company. It is believed that he ordered and helped organize the blasts in Mumbai, through his subordinates Yakub Memon and Tiger Memon. Two suspects of the case, Tiger Memon and Ibrahim have not arrested or tried yet. A powerful car bomb detonated in the basement of the Bombay Stock Exchange building at 1:30 pm. The 28-story building was severely damaged, and nearby office buildings suffered some damage. Estimated 50 were killed in this bombing. After 30 minutes, another car bomb exploded in front of Mandvi Branch Corporation Bank near Masjid. Total 12 bombs detonated throughout the Mumbai from 1:30 pm to 3:40 pm. The majority of the bombs were car bombs. However, some were in scooters.
16 December 2014 is the black in the history of Pakistan. On the day, different shooters affiliated with the Tehrik-i-Taliban conducted a terrorist attack on the Army Public School, Peshawar. The Militants included one Chechen, three Arabs, and two Afghans. They entered the school and opened the fire on children and school staff. They killed 141 people, including 132 school children between the age of eight and eighteen. The Pakistan Army’s Special Service Group launched a rescue operation and killed all seven terrorists and rescued 960 people. The country responded to the attacks by lifting the moratorium on the death penalty, starting operation against terrorist in North-West Pakistan and authorizing military courts through a constitutional amendment. Pakistan hanged four militants involved in the attack, on December 2, 2015. The mastermind of the massacre, Omar Khorasani, was killed on July 9, 2016, in a drone strike in eastern Afghanistan. The attack started at around 10:30 AM, when seven militants in the uniform of a Pakistan paramilitary force, entered the school from the backside after having scaled the walls. The terrorists with automatic weapons moved toward the auditorium and opened the fire on the children. They only want to kill as many pupils as they could.
The Cinema Rex building is present in Abadan, Iran. The Cinema Rex was set ablaze on August 14, 1978, killing total 470 people. The incident started when some men barred the doors and doused the building with gasoline before setting it alight. On that day, hundreds of people were watching The Deers at the Cinema Rex. At 20:21 four men barred the doors and doused it with petrol. The fire initiated outside three entrance doors to the main hall. The attackers then blocked the doors from the outside. Some people tried to escape by the roof. The fire department and the police department were 100 meters away from the place, but they did not respond promptly. The actual number of casualties is still unknown. According to Amnesty-International, there were 438 victims. The fire was the third deadliest terrorist attack in modern history after the September 11th attacks and 2007 Kahtaniya bombings. The running government reported that Islamic militants set the fire. However, the Anti-Shia blamed the intelligence service of the nation, SAVAK.
Pan Am Flight 103 was a regularly scheduled flight from Frankfurt to Detroit through London and New York. On December 21, 1988, the aircraft N739PA, operating the transatlantic leg of the route, was destroyed by a bomb. All 243 passengers and 16 crew members were killed in the attack. The incident is also famous as the Lockerbie bombing. Large sections of the craft crashed onto residential areas of Lockerbie, Scotland and killed 11 people on the ground. After three years of investigation, FBI issued arrest warrants for two Libyan nationals in December 1991. Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi handed over the two men for trial in 1999. Libyan Intelligence officer Abdelbaset Al-Megrahi was jailed for life due to connection with the bombing. He had asserted his innocence continually. Gaddafi accepted responsibility for flight bombing and paid compensation to the victim’s families. However, Gaddafi maintained that he had never given the order for the bombing.
The Beirut Barracks Bombings were terrorist attacks took place on 23 October 1983, during the Lebanese Civil War, in Beirut, Lebanon. The incident occurred when two trucks bombs hit separate buildings of Multinational Force in Lebanon peacekeepers, especially against French and United States service members. The attacks killed 241 United States and 58 French peacekeepers, six locals and the two suicide attackers. The group “Islamic Jihad” took responsibility for the attacks. The investigations linked the government of Iran with the incident. However, Hezbollah, Syria, and Iran had denied any involvement in any of the bombing. The government of Iran erected the monument to commemorate the Beirut Barracks Bombings and its “martyrs” in Tehran in 2004. The death of 220 Marines, three soldiers, and 18 sailors, made it the deadliest single-day death toll for the United States Marine Corps. It was also the worst single attack on American citizens overseas. The attacks led to the withdrawal of the IPF from Lebanon.
The Grand Mosque Seizure occurred in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, during November and December 1979. The extremist insurgents took over Masjid al-Haram and declared that the Mehdi had reached in the form of one of their soldiers, Mohammed Abdullah Al-Qahtani. They called on Muslims to obey him. The seizure of Masjid al-Haram, the taking of hostage from the worshipers, and the death of hundreds of security forces, militants and hostages caught in the crossfire, all shocked the Islamic World. In the morning of November 20, 1979, when the Imam of Masjid was preparing to lead prayer for the fifty thousand worshipers, insurgents of al-Otaybi’s movement interrupted him with weapons, chained the gates shut and killed two police officers. The number of insurgents was four to five hundred along with many women and children. They released most of the hostages and locked the remainder. After that, a hundred of security officers tried to retake the mosque but failed. In the evening, the entire city had been evacuated. The insurgents demanded to cut off oil exports to the United States and the expulsion of all foreign military experts and civilians from the Arab Peninsula. After many attempts, Pakistani SSG commandos carried out the operation and cleared the Mosque. 255 pilgrims, troops, and fanatics were killed and injured 560.
The King David Hotel Bombing was a terrorist attack by the militant right-wing Zionist underground organization, the Irgun, carried out on Monday 22 July 1946, on the British administrative headquarters for Palestine. The headquarter was in the southern wing of the King David Hotel in Jerusalem. The attack caused 91 deaths and injured 46. The organization sent a warning by telephone before the attack. Short afternoon Palestine time, the London bureau received a message “Jewish terrorists have blown up the King David Hotel.” The explosion took place at 12:37 pm and caused the collapse of the western half of the southern wing of the hotel. After the bombing, the Royal Engineers reached with heavy lifting equipment for the rescue operation. In 91 killed victims, 21 were first-rank government officials, 49 were second-rank clerks, messengers and typist, employees of the hotel and junior members of the Secretariat, three policemen, 13 soldiers and 5 were members of the public.